Customer Service Grid

Customer Service Grid

The customer service grid outlines the four key factors your organisation needs to get right to please and retain your customers - your core and ancillary services, and your standards and targets in each of these areas.

The Strategic Customer Service Grid provides an overview of what needs to be done to provide excellent customer service across the whole of your organisation.

This 2 x 2 grid emphasises four crucial elements that need to be attended to to provide excellence.

The first is to recognise that every aspect of your service matters.  Your business is likely to consist of two distinct elements: core and ancillary.

‘Core’ relates to the main purpose of your business: if your business is to run a zoo, your core service will be the acquisition, upkeep and presentation of the animals.

‘Ancillary’ relates to all those other services you provide to support the core and your visitors or customers.  Again, using the zoo as an example, ancillary services would include catering, toilet facilities, car parking and signage.

What is important to recognise, strategically, is that, as far as the customer is concerned, they expect high standards of service whether the service is core or ancillary.

And because, for many service providers, their focus is on the core, they may pay insufficient attention to the ancillary services.

The two other boxes in the grid refer to the level of service provided: TFG and AV.

‘TFG’ stands for ‘Taken For Granted’.  These are the minimum expectations customers have, for both the core and ancillary services.  In zoo terms, they expect the animals to be brilliant – and the toilets too!

TFG is an important concept, because customers ‘take for granted’ the level of service they expect.  It doesn’t excite or delight them – in fact, they don’t even notice or comment about it – because that level of service is, literally, taken for granted’.  It only becomes an issue when what is ‘taken for granted’ isn’t provided.  No customer ever praises or acknowledges what is a taken for granted.  It only has an impact when it is missing.

For example, if the zoo advertises it will be open from 9am, and it is, then no customer will acknowledge that or say thank you: it’s a taken for granted.  But if there was a delay in opening, and it didn’t open until 9.10, then that would be noticed, and be a potential source of complaint.

If you keep a log of customer complaints, then have a look at them.  They will all be TFG failures – a service that the customers expected, that were taken for granted – but weren’t delivered.

The second of these two boxes refers to AV – added value.  These are services and features provided that were not expected, but nonetheless delight the customer – and so provide added value.  For example, a clown doing magic tricks in the refreshment area, to entertain younger children – at no extra charge (for anything to be added value, it has to be seen as ‘free of charge’.)

So, strategically, the message is clear: work to deliver all TFGs, and seek to improve the customer’s’ satisfaction by ALSO creating AVs. So when you put the two sets of boxes together to form the final grid, the strategic requirement is clear.  Make sure you identify, then deliver, all TFGs across both the core and ancillary services; and constantly seek to delight the customer by finding then delivering added value in both the core and ancillary service areas.

Another way of talking about TFGs and AVs is to see the former as organisational standards, and the latter as organisational targets.  Everyone in the organisation should know what the TFGs are in their work area, and set them as standards to be delivered and maintained.

They should also be encouraged to find and deliver added value as targets – aspirations rather than expectations, but crucial to delighting the customer, making it a memorable experience rather than merely a satisfactory one, and an experience they are likely to recommend to others.

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